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Geography of MP for MPPSC

Madhya Pradesh is situated in the central region of India and is known as the heart state of India.

In this article, you know about the Geography of MP for MPPSC in English, location area and topography of MP.

Geographical Introduction of MP 

MP is the second largest state in India after Rajasthan with an area of 308252 SQ KM. 
MP forms a part of the Peninsular plateau of India lying in the Northcentral Part.

The topography of MP is defined by Narmada son valley. It is a long narrow valley and extends throughout the state. Son valley forms the upper part whereas Narmada forms the lower part. Son Valley is narrow as compared to Narmada Valley.

Longitudinal extent 74° degrees 8’ to 82degree 48’ East
Latitudinal extent 21°6’ to 25 degrees 30’ North
Geographical boundaries of MP

Geographical Boundaries of MP are classified as 

In North by the plains of Ganga, Yamuna
In west by Aravails 
In east by CNP
In the south by Tapti Valley and Plateau of Maharashtra.

Physical Division of MP

Madhya Pradesh divided into the following categories, regions and Plateaus in Madhya Pradesh

Central Highland

Central highland includes the following plateaus in Madhya Pradesh 

Malva Plateau 

It covers the western part of the state and includes districts like Guna, Rajgarh, Sajapur, Mandsaur, Ujjain, Dhar, Ratlam, Dewas, Raisen, and some parts of the Sagar district.

Its elevation height is 340 to 450 meters at some places it reaches 800 meters.

Rivers of this Plateau are Narmada, Chambal, Mahi, Kshipra, Betwa, Parvati.

Its climate is Tropical and black soil is found majorly. Major crops of this region are Soyabean, Wheat, groundnut, cotton. Wheat cultivation is famous in this region.

Rewa Panna Plateau

It is also known as Vindhyan Plateau and is located northeast of Bundelkhand plateau. 

Its elevation is 450m and its highest peak is 750m above sea level. Tons ken and Gonar are major rivers. Ranges in this plateau are Kaimur Ranges.

Districts in this plateau are Rewa, Satna, Panna, Damoh. 

Central India ( Gwalior and Northern part)

The Plateau of Central India is situated in the North-East of the Malva plateau. It covers the lower basin of the Chambal river. The area is marked by deep revines of the Chambal river. It covers Bhind Morena, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Guna.

Major crops are coarse grains, mustard seeds, sunflower, rice, corn etc.

Its average elevation height is 350m above sea level and its maximum height is 500m above sea level.

Bundelkhand

It lies on the Central India plateau. Bounded on North-East by Rewa Panna plateau. Districts located are Chattarpur, Niwari etc. 

Its average height is 150 to 450m above sea level. Ranges are Kaimur and Bhander ranges. Its highest peak is Sidh Baba peak. Ken and Betwa are major rivers.

Narmad son valley

It extends from north-east to west and this region is drained by the Narmada son rivers. It is bounded by Vindhyan Kaimur hills and Bhander hills in the North and Maikal ranges in the South. Baghelkhand lies to the east of Narmada son valley.

Districts located are Mandla, Jabalpur, Hosangabad, Khandwa, Khargone Barwani, Harda, Dhar, and Dewas.

The average elevation height is 300m above sea level.

Eastern Highland

The Baghelkhand plateau is included in the eastern highland.

Baghelkhand plateau

The area includes the Eastern region of MP and south of Son Valley. The district covers Rewa, Satna, Shahdol, Umariya, Sidhi, Singrauli, and Anooppur.

Rice is the main crop in this region.
This region registers high rain which varies from 125 to 175 cm.

Satpura Maikal Ranges

The region is south of Narmada Valley. Its average elevation is 300m Highest peak is Dhoopgarh 1350. Mahadeo hills

District covers are Balaghat, Seoni, Chindwara, Betul, Barwani, Khandwa, Khargone.
This region is rich in forests.

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